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Aphrodite: Goddess of Love

March 27, 2017

 

The Cypriot Goddess 

Cyprus became the centre of cult worship for Aphrodite centred at Paphos where she was supposedly born. It is possible that this cult developed as a result of Cyprus’ contact with Phoenician traders who worshipped the goddess Ishtar, also a love and fertility goddess. From Cyprus the myths of the goddess probably spread to Greece where, over hundreds of years, they were mixed with other local beliefs until Aphrodite took on her established form. The connection between Cyprus and Aphrodite was such a strong one that ancient authors, including Homer, often referred to her simply as the Cypriot goddess.

 

Origin Story 

 

 

According to Hesiod, Aphrodite’s myth begins with the goddess Gaia, the earth, creating the God Uranus, the sky, to act as her equal and mate. Every night Uranus and Gaia would make love, many gods and creatures were born from their union including the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the hundred-armed Hekatonkheires. Uranus hated the Cyclopes and feared the Hekatonkheires so he hid them away, deep in the earth causing Gaia great pain. In response Gaia crafted a plot to punish Uranus, beguiling her son Chronos to ambush him. Chronos did so, attacking his father Uranus with a sickle and castrating him. Chronos flung his father’s genitals into the sea which spread a white foam, from which a goddess arose. This goddess was Aphrodite, so named for the foam aphros from which she emerged. She came ashore on Cyprus and was attended by Eros and Desire who led her to Olympus to join the other gods.

 

Pygmalion

 

Despite the macabre nature of her origin story not all stories associated with her are so gruesome. One of the more cheerful stories involving Aphrodite and